Abstract: This paper deals with the problem of defect detection on highly reflective surfaces making use of vision systems. A new mechatronic system has been developed, based on a nonflat mirror. According to the method described in this paper, the light rays emitted from a source hit a suitably designed nonflat mirror, and are reflected so as to illuminate the curved surface under investigation.
The path of the light rays from the source of light to
the mirror and then to the object surface is mathematically traced
making use of the optical geometry laws. After the reflection on the
object surface, the light rays are collected by a charge-coupled device
(CCD) camera and elaborated by a vision system, which manages
to detect the surface defects as shadows of various shape and
size within the picture. Simulations have been carried out in order
to provide the optimal mirror shape. Moreover, a prototype of the
mechatronic system, including the synthesized mirror, has been built to perform some experimental tests to validate the method. The results, reported in the paper, definitively show the effectiveness of the proposed method.